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  • 首頁 環境時評人與自然最新動態焦點追蹤法律法規環境評價環保產業國內新聞國際新聞環境知識

    氣候變化

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    中國應對全球氣候變化的主要舉措

    來源:網絡整理 人氣:次瀏覽 發布時間:2019-06-12

    新華社北京11月30日電(記者 王雪梅)中國作為遭受氣候變化不利影響最為嚴重的國家之一,長期以來高度重視氣候變化問題,主動承擔相應責任,支持發展中國家應對氣候變化,積極參與國際對話,努力推動全球氣候談判。 

    中國是最早制定實施應對氣候變化國家方案的發展中國家。2007年6月,中國政府發布《中國應對氣候變化國家方案》,全面闡述了中國在2010年前應對氣候變化的對策。這不僅是中國第一部應對氣候變化的綜合政策性文件,也是發展中國家在該領域的第一部國家方案。 

    2008年10月,中國政府發布《中國應對氣候變化的政策與行動》白皮書,全面介紹中國減緩和適應氣候變化的政策與行動,成為中國應對氣候變化的綱領性文件。 

    2009年11月,中國宣布到2020年單位國內生產總值二氧化碳排放比2005年下降40%至45%的行動目標,并將其作為約束性指標納入國民經濟和社會發展中長期規劃。 

    2013年11月,中國發布第一部專門針對適應氣候變化的戰略規劃《國家適應氣候變化戰略》。 

    2015年6月,中國向《聯合國氣候變化框架公約》秘書處提交了應對氣候變化國家自主貢獻文件,提出到2030年單位國內生產總值二氧化碳排放比2005年下降60%至65%等目標。這不僅是中國作為公約締約方的規定動作,也是為實現公約目標所能作出的最大努力。世界自然基金會等18個非政府組織發布的報告指出,中國的氣候變化行動目標已超過其“公平份額”。 

    中國還計劃于2017年啟動全國碳排放交易體系,并把應對氣候變化的行動列入“十三五”發展規劃。 

    此外,在氣候治理方面,中國積極推進南南合作,向發展水平較為落后的國家和地區提供力所能及的支持。2011年至2014年,中國政府累計安排2.7億元人民幣用于幫助發展中國家提高應對氣候變化能力。 

    2014年9月,中國宣布從2015年開始將在原有基礎上把每年的“南南合作”資金支持翻一番,建立氣候變化南南合作基金,并將提供600萬美元支持聯合國秘書長推動應對氣候變化南南合作。2015年9月,中國宣布出資200億元人民幣建立“中國氣候變化南南合作基金”,用于支持其他發展中國家應對氣候變化。 

    多年來,中國在應對氣候變化方面取得了顯著成效。2014年,中國單位國內生產總值能耗和二氧化碳排放比2005年已分別下降29.9%和33.8%。 

    目前,中國已成為世界節能和利用新能源、可再生能源的第一大國。2013年,中國可再生能源發電機裝機容量占全球24%,中國可再生能源領域已產生260萬個就業崗位,占全球該領域就業崗位總數的40%。

    中國環境觀察網 版權所有 ? 2005~2023 All Rights Reserved 未經中國環境觀察網書面特別授權,請勿轉載或建立鏡像 違者依法追究相關法律責任 聯系郵箱:sheng6665588@gmail.com

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