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  • 首頁 環境時評人與自然最新動態焦點追蹤法律法規環境評價環保產業國內新聞國際新聞環境知識

    人與自然

    您的位置:中國環境觀察網 > 人與自然 > 文章

    考研政治馬哲分析題考點:“人與自然關系”的

    來源:網絡整理 人氣:次瀏覽 發布時間:2019-06-12

      人與自然關系是馬哲唯物論的重要分析題考點,但在考研政治考卷中,很多同學面對人與自然關系的提問卻全然不知如何解答,比如2002年36題第1問“結合材料1、2,運用馬克思主義關于人類社會與自然的關系原理,分析我國水資源問題的產生原因?”、2011年第34題第1問“為什么‘垃圾是放錯地方的資源’?”能幫助同學們重新梳理好人與自然關系的相關問題。下面就為大家一一梳理并解答,希望同學們通過簡要、高效的復習,對考研政治馬原科目有更進一步的認知。

      第一個問題,人與自然的關系如何產生的?這個問題要先從人或人類社會的出現說起。

      物質世界最初指的只是自然界,人類社會是在特定的物質資料生產基礎上人們相互交往、共同活動形成的各種關系的有機系統,它是自然界發展到一定程度而產生的。在這里,物質資料生產是理解的關鍵。物質生產實踐是人類最基本的實踐活動。

      人不僅在實踐活動中把自己從自然界中提升出來,而且使自然界成為自己改造的對象,人們通過實踐活動把自己的目的、理想、知識、能力等本質力量都對象化為客觀實在。這種改造世界的對象性活動構成了人的物質生活本身,實踐是人類的存在方式。

      簡單地說,只要人存在,就都得實踐,而只要有實踐,最基本的或者說第一個實踐活動就是物質生產實踐,即從自然界中獲取維持人們生存和發展的物質生活資料,它解決人與自然的矛盾。

      所以我們已經梳理清楚了人與自然關系如何產生的問題,人與自然關系是在實踐中形成的,實踐是物質世界分化為自然界和人類社會的歷史前提,也是使自然界和人類社會統一起來的現實基礎。實踐形成了人和人類社會,反過來,人和人類社會通過實踐得以維系和發展。總而言之,一句話,實踐是人與自然關系的基礎。

      第二個問題,人與自然關系問題如何處理?事實上,“解鈴還須系鈴人”,審視人與自然關系的問題,關鍵還在于實踐。

      實踐是人與自然關系的基礎。人與自然關系或和諧或緊張,根源不在與自然界,而在于實踐活動合理與否。從這個邏輯出發來重新思考2011年第34題的第1問“從實踐是人和自然關系的基礎的角度說明為什么‘垃圾是放錯地方的資源’?”,這個題目就變成了一個完完全全的送分題。垃圾與資源的問題實質上是人與自然關系的問題,實踐是人與自然關系的基礎,因此無論是垃圾還是變垃圾為資源,根源都在實踐,只不過前者是不合理的實踐,后者是合理的實踐。

      同學們如有問題溝通,不要猶豫,通過微博向喻攀老師提問。在認真學習完模塊內容之后,同學們要能夠進行基本的練習,下載研題庫app能幫助同學們鞏固復習效果。

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